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The Link Between Men’s Zero-sum Gender Beliefs and Mental Health: Findings from Chile and Croatia

Joel Y. Wong, Elyssa M. Klann, Nataša Bijelić, Francisco Aguayo

Zero-sum gender beliefs (ZSGBs) refer to the perception that the advancement of a gender outgroup’s rights (e.g., women’s rights) would be at the expense of a gender ingroup’s rights (e.g., men’s rights). Although it seems obvious that men’s ZSGBs could be harmful to women, the authors of this study propose that such beliefs are ultimately…
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State of Involved and Nonviolent Fatherhood in Portugal

Sofia José Santos, Cristina Veríssimo, Maria Neto, Tatiana Moura, Alexandre De Sousa Carvalho, Bárbara Guimarães

Involving men in fatherhood and caregiving has enormous potential to transform the lives of men and women in Portugal and around the world. With this in mind, State of Involved and Nonviolent Fatherhood in Portugal presents the current state of fatherhood in Portugal and provides recommendations for policymakers, decision-makers, employers, health professionals, and educators on how to…
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Men and Gender Equality in the Republic of Moldova: IMAGES in Moldova

Women’s Law Center, Center for Investigation and Consultation "SocioPolis"

This report presents results from the “Men and Gender Equality in the Republic of Moldova” study, based on the methodology of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) and conducted by the Women’s Law Center and the Center for Investigation and Consultation “SocioPolis.”

Caring for Equality

Promundo, World Vision

Prenatal sex selection—choosing to continue or terminate a pregnancy based on the baby’s sex—is a blatant form of gender-based violence. This manual, developed by World Vision Armenia, Promundo, and MenCare, is designed to work with youth and couples in Armenia to critically examine, question, and transform the underlying social norms that contribute to this harmful…
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Understanding Young Men and Masculinities in the Balkans: Implications for Health, Development, and Peace

Gary Barker, Piotr Pawlak

This literature review examines the health behaviors and livelihood challenges faced by young men aged 15 to 25 in Southeastern Europe. It provides an analysis of gender equality, sexual and reproductive health, substance abuse and mental health, and experiences of violence among young men in the region, with a particular focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,…
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Risk Factors for Men’s Lifetime Perpetration of Physical Violence against Intimate Partners: Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) in Eight Countries

Paul J. Fleming, Jennifer McCleary-Sills, Matthew Morton, Ruti Levtov, Brian Heilman, Gary Barker

Using data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), this paper examines men’s lifetime physical intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration across eight low- and middle-income countries, to better understand key risk factors that interventions can target in order to promote gender equality and reduce IPV.

Pathways to Gender-Equitable Men: Findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey in Eight Countries

Ruti Galia Levtov, Gary Barker, Manuel Contreras-Urbina, Brian Heilman, Ravi Verma

This article presents findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), one of the most comprehensive efforts of its kind to gather data on men’s attitudes and practices related to gender equality in eight low- and middle-income countries: Brazil, Chile, Mexico, India, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Rwanda. It…
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The Making of Sexual Violence: How Does a Boy Grow Up to Commit Rape?

Brian Heilman, Luciana Hebert, Nastasia Paul-Gera

This report presents an overview of five study sites of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), presents findings related to men’s self-reported perpetration of sexual violence, investigates seven domains of possible influences on men’s sexual violence perpetration and provides actionable lessons and recommendations. The International Center for Research on Women conducted this analysis…
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Engaging Men and Boys in Advancing Women’s Agency: Where We Stand and New Directions

Paul J. Fleming, Gary Barker, Jennifer McCleary-Sills, Matthew Morton

This review explores the evidence base on the role of men and boys in advancing women’s agency. It examines the literature on gender norms and their influence on attitudes and behaviors, including men’s use of violence against women, and explores the benefits of gender equality and women’s agency for men. It presents results from the…
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Boys and Education in the Global South: Emerging Vulnerabilities and New Opportunities for Promoting Changes in Gender Norms

Gary Barker, Ravi Verma, John Crownover, Marcio Segundo, Vanessa Fonseca, Juan Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Peter Pawlak

This article presents a review of global data on boys’ education in the Global South and recent findings on the influence of boys’ educational a!ainment on their a!itudes and behaviors in terms of gender equality. The article also presents three examples—from Brazil, the Balkans, and India—on evaluated, school-based approaches for engaging boys and girls in…
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