Gender Equality in Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS)

The Gender Equality in Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) program integrates gender-transformative approaches into development initiatives, including approaches to engaging men for women’s economic empowerment.


Research results from Gender Equality in Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) show that development initiatives must address the root causes of gender inequality in order to effect sustainable change related to gender disparities in access to – and control over – agricultural resources.


In Bangladesh, Cambodia, Solomon Islands, and Zambia, the Gender Equality in AAS program has improved capacity to integrate gender-transformative approaches into existing development initiatives, including testing approaches to engage men for women’s economic empowerment in selected AAS projects.


Aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) are an incredibly important source of food security, nutrition, and economic support for millions of people around the world. Most of those who depend on AAS systems for their livelihoods are poor, living on less than 1.25 USD per day. However, gender inequality poses a barrier to ensuring that everyone benefits from this natural resource.

The Gender Equality in AAS program recognizes that gender and power inequalities between men and women are key factors perpetuating poverty, and that engaging men and boys is critical to the transformation of gender-inequitable norms and practices, with significant implications for agricultural development.

WorldFish, on behalf of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), led the Gender Equality in AAS program to promote new research-in-development initiatives to assist vulnerable groups in obtaining greater benefits from these systems. Promundo partnered with WorldFish to integrate gender-transformative approaches into development initiatives in the field of aquatic agriculture.

As part of the program, Promundo conducted research on capacity building and coalition building for gender equality with WorldFish in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Zambia, authored a program brief and provided training in Solomon Islands, and developed curricula for engaging men as partners in women’s economic empowerment. A randomized control trial on this approach is currently underway in Zambia.

Related Programs:

  • Journeys of Transformation: Journeys of Transformation promotes women’s economic empowerment by engaging men as allies in transforming harmful gender attitudes and behaviors that impact progress.