This study provides an analysis of gender equality, participation in care work, fatherhood, migration and HIV/ AIDS. It also highlights problems associated with the presence of fathers and other male figures in families, such as domestic violence and substance abuse, while arguing for greater inclusion of vulnerable fathers in support services. By and large, the present publication provides an overview of existing national and regional research on the issue of men in families and related policy considerations. It aims to stimulate the debate on the best means to develop social and economic policies that recognize men in their role as valuable contributors to the well-being of their families. The study also seeks to assist Governments in integrating a family perspective into their overall policymaking. It reflects the views of the authors and does not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the United Nations Secretariat.