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Understanding Young Men and Masculinities in the Balkans: Implications for Health, Development, and Peace

Gary Barker, Piotr Pawlak

This literature review examines the health behaviors and livelihood challenges faced by young men aged 15 to 25 in Southeastern Europe. It provides an analysis of gender equality, sexual and reproductive health, substance abuse and mental health, and experiences of violence among young men in the region, with a particular focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,…
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Risk Factors for Men’s Lifetime Perpetration of Physical Violence against Intimate Partners: Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) in Eight Countries

Paul J. Fleming, Jennifer McCleary-Sills, Matthew Morton, Ruti Levtov, Brian Heilman, Gary Barker

Using data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), this paper examines men’s lifetime physical intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration across eight low- and middle-income countries, to better understand key risk factors that interventions can target in order to promote gender equality and reduce IPV.

Pathways to Gender-Equitable Men: Findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey in Eight Countries

Ruti Galia Levtov, Gary Barker, Manuel Contreras-Urbina, Brian Heilman, Ravi Verma

This article presents findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), one of the most comprehensive efforts of its kind to gather data on men’s attitudes and practices related to gender equality in eight low- and middle-income countries: Brazil, Chile, Mexico, India, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Rwanda. It…
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The Making of Sexual Violence: How Does a Boy Grow Up to Commit Rape?

Brian Heilman, Luciana Hebert, Nastasia Paul-Gera

This report presents an overview of five study sites of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), presents findings related to men’s self-reported perpetration of sexual violence, investigates seven domains of possible influences on men’s sexual violence perpetration and provides actionable lessons and recommendations. The International Center for Research on Women conducted this analysis…
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Engaging Men and Boys in Advancing Women’s Agency: Where We Stand and New Directions

Paul J. Fleming, Gary Barker, Jennifer McCleary-Sills, Matthew Morton

This review explores the evidence base on the role of men and boys in advancing women’s agency. It examines the literature on gender norms and their influence on attitudes and behaviors, including men’s use of violence against women, and explores the benefits of gender equality and women’s agency for men. It presents results from the…
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Boys and Education in the Global South: Emerging Vulnerabilities and New Opportunities for Promoting Changes in Gender Norms

Gary Barker, Ravi Verma, John Crownover, Marcio Segundo, Vanessa Fonseca, Juan Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Peter Pawlak

This article presents a review of global data on boys’ education in the Global South and recent findings on the influence of boys’ educational a!ainment on their a!itudes and behaviors in terms of gender equality. The article also presents three examples—from Brazil, the Balkans, and India—on evaluated, school-based approaches for engaging boys and girls in…
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Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men’s Childhood Experiences of Violence

Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Gary Barker, Ajay Singh, Ravi Verma, Joanna Bloomfield

This report explores the prevalence and nature of violence against children as well as its potential lifelong effects. Using IMAGES data from six countries (Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico, and Rwanda), the report expands understanding of these issues by examining data from low- and middle-income countries, by analyzing men’s reports of experiencing and perpetrating violence,…
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The Young Men Initiative – A Case Study

CARE International

The Young Men Initiative (YMI) is a promising, evidence-based strategy for engaging young men throughout the Western Balkans in the promotion of gender equality and the prevention of violence. Pilot activities took place from 2007 to 2010 and reached over 4,000 young men ages 14-18 through educational workshops and campaign activities. The design, implementation and…
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Men and Gender Relations in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Results of IMAGES Research

Srdjan Dusanic, Promundo

This report presents results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with attitudes and behaviors of men and boys as part of the project implemented by Perpetuum mobile – Center for Youth and Community Development and CARE International North-West Balkan and supported by Promundo.

IMAGES Croatia: Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

Nataša Bijelić

This report presents results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) conducted in Croatia. The research was conducted using a sample of 1500 men and 505 women aged from 18-68, in the Republic of Croatia in the city of Zagreb and the cities and villages in the Osječko-baranjska and Vukovarsko-srijemska county. The full…
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