The purpose of this brief is to promote reflection on the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents (CSEC). Cases are often invisible due to gender norms that contribute to the acceptance of male dominance over women, as well as the justification of sexual rights violations against adolescents in the case of marriage.
The benefits of women’s economic empowerment are well-known and documented in the development literature. Few studies and interventions, however, have explored how men react or can be engaged to enhance such interventions. This article presents an evaluation of a pilot project in Rwanda in collaboration with CARE Rwanda’s Village Savings and Loan (VSL) programme that…continue reading
This article presents a review of global data on boys’ education in the Global South and recent findings on the influence of boys’ educational a!ainment on their a!itudes and behaviors in terms of gender equality. The article also presents three examples—from Brazil, the Balkans, and India—on evaluated, school-based approaches for engaging boys and girls in…continue reading
This paper proposes a debate on the limits and possibilities of implementing projects aimed at promoting gender equity in schools, from the educational tools and their adaptations created for this purpose – Programs H and M.
This study examined how the dynamics of relationships between fathers and daughters influences the empowerment of girls, in order to raise awareness among parents about the challenges and opportunities that can arise from their relationship with their daughters.
Despite a clear connection between violence against children and violence against women, the two issues are rarely considered together. In this article from the Bernard van Leer Foundation’s Early Childhood Matters, Gary Barker and Marcos Nascimento discuss results from their recent research in Brazil and from global survey data.
Entre Nós (“Between Us”) is an innovative multi-media campaign to engage Brazilian youth in critical reflections on rigid ideas about gender and how they influence their lives and relationships. The campaign was developed and implemented by Promundo, a Brazilian NGO based in Rio de Janeiro, and a group of young women and men peer educators…continue reading
This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of a twenty-four-item scale to measure attitudes toward gender norms among young men: the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale. Scale items on gender norms related to sexual and reproductive health, sexual relations, violence, domestic work, and homophobia are designed. Items are based on previous qualitative work in the…continue reading
This article presents findings from a pilot intervention in 2005–2006 to promote gender equity among young men from low-income communities in Mumbai, India. The project involved formative work on gender, sexuality and masculinity, and educational activities with 126 young men, aged 18–29, over a six-month period. The programme was called Yaari Dosti, Hindi for friendship…continue reading
This chapter illustrates how gender represents a complex interplay of contextual and individual factors, which create advantages and disadvantages for both young women and young men in terms of sexuality and related health issues. It applies an ecological model to emphasize how gender norms, as they relate to sexual behavior, are internalized by the individual through an…continue reading