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Boys and Education in the Global South: Emerging Vulnerabilities and New Opportunities for Promoting Changes in Gender Norms

Gary Barker, Ravi Verma, John Crownover, Marcio Segundo, Vanessa Fonseca, Juan Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Peter Pawlak

This article presents a review of global data on boys’ education in the Global South and recent findings on the influence of boys’ educational a!ainment on their a!itudes and behaviors in terms of gender equality. The article also presents three examples—from Brazil, the Balkans, and India—on evaluated, school-based approaches for engaging boys and girls in…
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Men, Women and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents in Four Cities of Brazil

Márcio Segundo, Marcos Nascimento,, Danielle Araújo, Tatiana Moura

Confronting sexual violence, sexual abuse, sex tourism, and the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents (CSECA) has relied upon efforts from civil society and the Brazilian state alike in order to make the goal of children’s and adolescents’ rights a reality. The phenomenon of CSECA involves cultural, social, economic, political, and legal factors. Aspects…
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Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men’s Childhood Experiences of Violence

Manuel Contreras, Brian Heilman, Gary Barker, Ajay Singh, Ravi Verma, Joanna Bloomfield

This report explores the prevalence and nature of violence against children as well as its potential lifelong effects. Using IMAGES data from six countries (Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico, and Rwanda), the report expands understanding of these issues by examining data from low- and middle-income countries, by analyzing men’s reports of experiencing and perpetrating violence,…
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Men, Masculinities and HIV/AIDS: Strategies for Action

Myra Betron, Gary Barker, Juan Manuel Contreras and Dean Peacock, Juan Manuel Contreras, Dean Peacock

This paper intends to provide practical guidance to policymakers and program managers on how to engage men and address harmful male norms in key areas of intervention in relation to HIV/AIDS. Most of this paper focuses on policies and programs addressing masculinities in the context of heterosexual relations, but it also discusses important findings and…
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Engaging Men to Prevent Gender-Based Violence: A Multi-Country Intervention and Impact Evaluation Study

Promundo

This report is an impact evaluation of a multi-country project to engage men and boys in preventing violence against women and promoting gender equality. Implemented in India, Brazil, Chile, and Rwanda, with support from the United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women, the project activities in each country varied, but they all included educational…
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Hidden Violence: Preventing and responding to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of adolescent boys

Piotr Pawlak, Gary Barker

This document summarizes results from the report, Hidden Violence: Preventing and responding to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of adolescent boys: Case Studies and Directions for Action, prepared in 2012 by Promundo for the Oak Foundation. It introduces literature on the topic and international project experiences, including a case study and video clip produced in Nicaragua….
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Engaging Boys and Young Men in the Prevention of Sexual Violence: A systematic and global review of evaluated interventions

Christine Ricardo, Marci Eads, Gary Barker

This systematic review is intended to investigate the effectiveness of interventions for preventing boys’ and young men’s use of sexual violence. It aims to explore the potential for intervening directly with boys and young men in community and school settings to address risk factors for sexual violence within diverse socio-cultural settings.

Masculinity and Gender Based Violence in Rwanda: Experience and Perceptions of Men and Women

Henny Slegh, Augustin Kimonyo

This report shows the results of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) in Rwanda, including men’s perceptions about masculinity and gender-based violence (GBV). The study, conducted from January 2010 to June 2010, examined the roots of GBV in relation to perceptions about masculinity within Rwandan society.

Promoting Gender Equity for HIV and Violence Prevention: Results from the PEPFAR Male Norms Initiative Evaluation in Ethiopia

PATH, EngenderHealth, Miz-Hasab Research Center, HIWOT Ethiopia, Promundo

Certain male gender norms, or social expectations about how men should behave, have been shown to promote HIV risk and related behaviors, such as partner violence. There is growing evidence of the importance and success of engaging men and explicitly addressing gender dynamics in HIV/AIDS and violence prevention initiatives. This report highlights results from an…
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Violence against young children: What does gender have to do with it?

Gary Barker, Marcos Nascimento

Despite a clear connection between violence against children and violence against women, the two issues are rarely considered together. In this article from the Bernard van Leer Foundation’s Early Childhood Matters, Gary Barker and Marcos Nascimento discuss results from their recent research in Brazil and from global survey data.