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Promoting More Gender-Equitable Norms and Behaviors Among Young Men as an HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy

Julie Pulerwitz, Marcio Segundo, Marcos Nascimento, Gary Barker

This report presents the results from the impact evaluation study of Program H with 780 young men (ages 14-25 years) from three low-income areas in Rio de Janeiro.

A Toolkit for Action: Young Men and HIV Prevention

UNFPA, Promundo

This guide serves to reinforce the benefits of working with young men and provides conceptual and practical information on how to design, implement and evaluate HIV prevention activities which incorporate a gender perspective and engage young men and relevant stakeholders.

Adolescents, Social Support and Help-Seeking Behavior: An International Literature Review and Programme Consultation with Recommendations for Action

Gary Barker

This paper addresses two crucial issues in the health and development of adolescents – firstly, what sources of social support are available to them in their communities; and secondly, within the possible sources of support available to them, whom do they turn to for support and why.

Once Upon a Boy

Once Upon a Boy is a no-words cartoon video that tells the story of a boy and his experiences growing up, including peer pressure, his first sexual relationship, his first job, and becoming a father. The video is designed to engage young men, educators, and health professionals in critical reflections about rigid models of masculinities…
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Challenging and Changing Gender Attitudes among Young Men in Mumbai, India

Ravi K Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, Gary Barker, P Fulpagare, SK Singh

This article presents findings from a pilot intervention in 2005–2006 to promote gender equity among young men from low-income communities in Mumbai, India. The project involved formative work on gender, sexuality and masculinity, and educational activities with 126 young men, aged 18–29, over a six-month period. The programme was called Yaari Dosti, Hindi for friendship…
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Gender, sexual behaviour and vulnerability among young people

Christine Ricardo, Gary Barker, Julie Pulerwitz, Valeria Rocha

This chapter illustrates how gender represents a complex interplay of contextual and individual factors, which create advantages and disadvantages for both young women and young men in terms of sexuality and related health issues. It applies an ecological model to emphasize how gender norms, as they relate to sexual behavior, are internalized by the individual through an…
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How do we know if men have changed? Promoting and measuring attitude change with young men: lessons from Program H in Latin America

Gary Barker, Marcos Nascimento, Márcio Segundo, Julie Pulerwitz

This article presents findings from the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale and lessons from Program H in Latin America. It concludes that, given the short timescale of many interventions with young men, it is often unrealistic to expect changes in behavior, and difficult to measure such change. The GEM Scale thus provides a potentially more sensitive…
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Young Men and the Construction of Masculinity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS, Conflict, and Violence

Gary Barker, Christine Ricardo

Based on a literature review and qualitative research carried out in four countries, this report examines the role of gender for young men in Africa, particularly as it relates to HIV/AIDS, conflict, and violence.

Program H: Working with Young Men

Promundo, ECOS, Instituto Papai, Salud y Género

The Program H manual includes approximately 70 activities to carry out group work with young men (ages 15 to 24) on gender, sexuality, reproductive health, fatherhood and caregiving, violence prevention, emotional health, drug use, and preventing and living with HIV and AIDS. To learn more about the program and its adaptations, visit the Program H…
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Children are opportunities, not risks

Irene Nizzini, Gary Barker, Neide Cassaniga

This report presents three case studies of community-based initiatives in Brazil that focus on promotion and development of all children and adolescents, not considering them as risks but as opportunities.